Posted by TVA on Sunday, December 10, 2017 Under: Migration
The more than 50,000 Haitians threatened with deportation by the Trump administration are for the most part graduated workers, sometimes even owners and parents of American children, whose departure is likely to hit the United States hard.
Washington has recently repealed the temporary protection status (TPS) granted to Haitians, a temporary residence permit some of which have been in existence for more than 20 years and which does not allow them to obtain permanent status.
Like them, Salvadorans and Hondurans are threatened with deportation, with Washington believing that their home countries are now safe enough to return home.
These three communities total more than 300,000 people who are deeply rooted in their host country.
They are "productive, tax-paying and law-abiding migrants," says the Center for Migration Studies in New York, as their status prohibits them from any legal gap.
The research center points out that Haitians are the most highly educated of the three communities and speak mostly perfect English, making them popular workers in companies.
In August, the Center for Migration Studies published a statistical portrait of Haitians, Salvadorans and Hondurans benefiting from TPS.
A hole of $ 164 billion
This portrait shows that more than half of these migrants have children born in the United States, over 80% work, 30% have a mortgage and 11% have started their own business.
If all went away, "the United States would lose $ 164 billion in gross domestic product over the next decade," calculates the Center for American Progress.
On the Canadian side, MP Emmanuel Dubourg, of Haitian origin, was sent to New York a few weeks ago to counter a new wave of immigration like last summer.
For those who think they are following in the footsteps of some 10,000 asylum-seekers who have crossed the border illegally since this summer, Mr. Dubourg recalls that "only 10% of applicants are accepted".
He points out that rejected applicants risk deportation to Haiti well before July 2019, the date the Trump administration gave them to leave the United States.
How many are they ?
47,400 are 16 years old and over
78% are 25 years old or older
What economic role do they play?
81% work (versus 63% of Americans)
81% live above the poverty line
57% have health insurance
10% are unemployed
4% started their own business
23% have a mortgage
$ 45,000: average family income ($ 56,000 for an average American)
What is their training?
96% speak a little English
75% speak well - only English
71% have completed high school
37% have post-secondary education
Where do they live?
5200 New York
3400 New Jersey
1000 North Carolina
In : Migration