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The United States and Germany have had long interest in Mole Saint Nicholas. Then American president Woodrow Wilson, wanted Mole Saint Nicholas as a potential coaling station and naval base. Wilson had even approved the plan for the construction of a naval base 20 miles long and 10 miles wide. The residents were to be given the options of either selling their lands to the United States or become American citizens if they wished to remain.



 



 

Bookman

October 8, 2014

 Boukman was a Hougan, or Voodoo priest, whose death was considered a catalyst to the slave uprising  that marked the beginning of the Haitian Revolution. Boukman was born in   and later sold by his British to a French plantation owner, who put him as commander(slave driver) and later a coach driver. His name came from his English nickname "Book Man"which he earned due to his ability to read. Boukman presided in the role of Hougan on August 14, 1791 with an African-born Voodoo priestess and conducted a ceremony at the Bois Caiman. Boukman began his famous ceremony by asking for God's help in the following words:

"The God who made the sun that shines upon us, who causes the sea to rise, the thunder to roar. do you hear me. All of you. Hidden in the clouds, God witnesses the atrocities the whites commit against us. The god of the whites sanctions their crimes and doesn't care about us. But God, who is so  good, orders us to avenge ourselves. He will direct our arms and stands beside us. Destroy the image of the white  men's god who is thirsty for our blood and tears. Listen to the voice of freedom rising in our heart."

And then, the African-born Voodoo priestess possessed by Erzulie Dantor sacrificed a pig which symbolizes the wild, free and untamable spiritual power of the forest and the ancestors. The participants soaked their fingers in the blood of the pig and made an oath to die, rather than serve the whites. This amazing ceremony combined with Bookman's large size warrior-like appearance and fearsome temper, made him an effective leader and helped spark the Haitian Revolution. Soon after the uprising began, French authorities captured Bookman and executed him by beheading. The French then publicly displayed his head in an attempt to dispel the aura of invincibility that Boookman had cultivated.
 This attempt failed. Since then, Haitians have honored Bookman by admitting him into the pantheon of Loa(Voodoo Spirits). Bookman his well revered in all Haiti and his ceremony is known as the catalyst for Haiti's Independence. 

 

Mackandal

October 8, 2014




Mackandal 
was a Voodoo Priest (Hougan) from Senegal, an orator in the opinion of a white contemporary equal in eloquence to the European orators of the day, and different only in his superior strength and vigor. He was fearless and, though one-handed from an accident had a fortitude spirit.
An escaped slave, He organized one of the most successful revolutions known today as The Mackandal Revolution. Mackandal organized a widespread plot, that on a particular day the water of every house in the...

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Capois La Mort

October 8, 2014
capois la mort

François Capois, surnamed Capois La Mort (Capois the Death), was a rebel slave born in Port-de-Paix on the habitation of Laveaux Lapointe. His military careers began in 1793 after a visit of Toussaint L'Ouverture at Port-de-Paix. His rank to the army changed quickly. First to lieutenant, then captain of the 3rd battalion. François Capois is best known for his extraordinary courage and especially for his herculean bravery at the"Bataille de Vertières" , in which the General Viscount of Roch...


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Catherine Flon

October 8, 2014
catherine Flon

Catherine Flon was the goddaughter of Jean Jacques Dessalines and played a huge role in the Haitian Revolution as a nurse. She is not really remembered and revered as nurse, but widely recognized in all Haiti as a heroine for sewing the first Haitian Flag in Archaie.
On May 1803, Dessalines created the first Haitian Flag by ripping apart the French one (blue,white and red), threw the white portion away, and have Catherine Flon stitched together the remaining parts horizontally to create the fi...


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Anacaona

October 8, 2014




Anacaona was one of the highest Caciques or chief who ruled the Island of Hispaniola when the Spaniards settled there. Her date of birth and of death are both unknown. She is a significant icon in early Haitian History, the primordial founder of Haiti and she is considered to be the first Haitian hero.  

She is revered and immortalized in the intertwining histories of both Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Her Arawak name Anacaona means "Golden Flower". She married Caonabo, a chief of another ...

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Sanite Belair

October 8, 2014
                                          sanite belair

Suzanne Belair, mostly known as Sanite Belair, was one of the few female soldiers who fought during the Haitian Revolution. History fails to keep much about her early life, but it is believed by many credible historians, that, Sanite Belaire was born in 1781, in what is now known as "L'Artibonite"

Sanite, and her husband Charles Belair, are responsible for the uprising of almost the entire slaves population of L'Artibonite, against their masters.
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